The foundational principles of restorative justice have been summarized as follows:
- Crime causes harm and justice should focus on repairing that harm.
- The people most affected by the crime should be able to participate in its resolution.
- The responsibility of the government is to maintain order and of the community to build peace.
If restorative justice were a building, it would have four cornerposts:
- Inclusion of all parties
- Encountering the other side
- Making amends for the harm
- Reintegration of the parties into their communities
Source: What Is Restorative Justice?